The Profession of the Military Officer
The modern military officers comprise a specific professional group, and the modern officers themselves are professionals. This is the main thesis underlying the philosophy of the cadet training at Vassil Levski NMU.
The logical questions ensuing from this are:
- What special qualifications does a military officer have?
- Arethereanyspecificcompetencesandskillsinherenttoallofficersbutnot characteristic of any other profession?
There is a specific area of military competences inherent to all or almost all military officers distinguishing them from all or almost all civilian specialists.This essential skill is best defined by Harold Lasswellas “violence management”.The function of the Armed Forces is to achieve success in military collisions. The duties of a military officer are as follows: 1) to organize, equip and train military troops; 20 to plan their actions; 3) to manage their actions before, during and after the collision. The guidance, management and control of a human organization whose main function is the use of force are among the inherent officer skills. They are common to the work of Land Force, Naval and Air Force officers.
Taking into account the above mentioned peculiarities and the requirements to the people with this profession, Vassil Levski NMU carries out a specific training and educational process.
General Characteristics of Cadet Training
The cadets’s training is governed by a unified curriculum for the acquisition of two bachelor’s degrees – a military and a civilian one. The process efficiently combines academic training, military training, development of leadership skills, physical training and sports. The students have to meet heightened requirements towards their linguistic training in accordance with the Common European Framework.
A specific feature is the common military training during the first year.
Cadet training as a whole is carried out in accordance with the European Credit Transfer System in the higher education and European Qualification Framework for lifelong learning (EQF).
Cadets, who successfully complete their Bachelor degree training, can continue as officers their education towards Master’s Degree in civilian and in military specialties.
Thecadets’ curriculum comprises mandatory, elective and facultative subjects.
The mandatory subjects provide the fundamental training in the respective specialty from the respective professional field.
The elective subjects provide specific competences and skills in the specialty area.
The facultative subjects provide additional competences and skills in accordance with the students’ interests.
The lectures in the mandatory and elective subjects are delivered by lecturers holding academic ranks. Up to 30% of the lectures can be delivered by lecturers with PhD degree only.
There is an area of overlapping subjects between the civilian and military specialties.Those subjects form part of the general education, language training, and physical training. The overall number of training hours is a sum total of the number of hours in the civilian and military specialties minus the number of classes in the overlapping subjects.
For the effective functioning of the unified curriculum it is of essential importance to distribute properly the different kinds of training included in it.