The main purpose of training is to form leaders with leader qualities, managerial knowledge and skills, and organizational capabilities.
The NMU has the following categories of trainees:
- cadets and civilian students in 3 areas of the higher education: social economic and legal sciences, technical sciences, security and defence, which are divided in 7 professional fields, 10 civilian and 4 military specialties and 23 military specializations, corresponding to the respective services and special forces;
- PhD students in 15 accredited scientific specialties;
- postgraduate students;
- non-commissioned officers (NCOs);
- contingents from the Bulgarian Armed Forces for participation in missions abroad.